Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Conscription: No (since 2006).

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict: Signed (7 Sep 2000). Ratified (10 Oct 2003).
Voluntary recruitment age: 18.
Conscientious objection recognised for professional soldiers: No.
Military expenditure: 1.3% of GDP (data 2009).

Remarks:
1) There is no right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.

Recommendations:
1) Recognise the right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.
Notes: The 1995 Dayton Peace Agreements divided the country into two constituent entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska. Defence is a complicated issue in Bosnia & Herzegovina. The armed forces consist of the Army of the Federation of BH and the Army of the Republika Srpska. The BiH Presidency has supreme command authority over the armed forces of the BiH. However the two entities maintain control over their armed forces through their own ministry of defence. Consequently, regulations on conscription are different in both entities.