Czech Republic

Czech Republic

Conscription: No (since 2005).

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict: Signed (6 Sep 2000). Ratified (30 Nov 2001).
Voluntary recruitment age: 18.
Conscientious objection recognised for professional soldiers: No.
Military expenditure: 1.4% of GDP (data 2009).

Remarks:
1) There were military secondary-schools and the minimum age for enrolment in them was 15. The government reported to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child in 2005 that under-18s could enter military secondary-schools, and that they provided four years of general education and “education and training for duties on the warrant officer level, training for a chosen specialization, as well as full secondary vocational and technical education”. The government also reported that “Students entering military schools are not soldiers and do not become soldiers in the course of study. This rule would continue to apply in crisis situations: teachers-soldiers would be detailed to other duties and the schools temporarily closed down. Military school graduates do not incur any financial or other obligations towards the armed forces. There is no pressure on the students to apply for regular army jobs.”
2) There is no right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.

Recommendations:
1) Stop military training and abolish military schools for persons aged under 18.
2) Recognise the right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.