Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Conscription: No (since 1967).

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict: Signed (8 Sep 2000). Ratified (4 Aug 2004).
Voluntary recruitment age: 17.
Conscientious objection recognised for professional soldiers: No.
Military expenditure: 0.6% of GDP (data 2007).

Remarks:
1) 17-year-olds can enter the armed forces with the written consent of parents or a legal guardian. The amended Military Act of 2 August 1997 stipulated that recruitment for peacekeeping operations would be on an exclusively voluntary basis, and limited participation in peacekeeping missions strictly to those who were 18 or older. Under the terms of the Act of 20 December 2002 (which amended the Military Organization Act), volunteer soldiers under 18 were prohibited from participating in any military operation. The prohibition applied to national defence as well as to participation in “operations of collective or common defence or in peacekeeping operations”. All of the above provisions were also included in the declaration made by Luxembourg on ratifying the Optional Protocol in August 2004. The declaration stated that full information about military duties would be given to recruits prior to their recruitment into the armed forces, and that all voluntary recruits were permitted to leave the armed forces at any time.
2) There is no right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.

Recommendations:
1) Stop the voluntary recruitment of persons aged under 18.
2) Recognise the right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.