Romania

Romania

Conscription: No (since 2007).
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict: Signed (6 Sep 2000). Ratified (10 Nov 2001).
Voluntary recruitment age: 18.
Conscientious objection recognised for professional soldiers: No.
Military expenditure: 1.4% of GDP (data 2009).

Remarks:
1) Young people between the ages of 15 and 20 could volunteer for pre-military training, which aimed to provide “knowledge and orientation in the military and technical field” and to cultivate “ethical and civic values”. Military high schools were open to both male and female students. Postgraduate education for all military personnel, male or female, could be undertaken at the National Defence University as well as at various civilian universities.
2) There is no right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.

Recommendations:
1) Stop military training and abolish military schools for persons aged under 18.
2) Recognise the right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.